Vocabulary building

Hints for learning Portuguese FAST!

Olá meus amigos!

Tudo bem?

Hope you enjoyed last week’s newsletter, where you learnt how to ask simple questions in Portuguese.

In today’s lesson, we will learn…

Hints for learning Portuguese FAST!

Most English words are actually quite similar to Portuguese, due to their Latin route.

So here a few examples that will blow your mind!


English words ending in -ation —> change it to -ção

  • Population - População

  • Administration - Administração

  • Identification - Identificação

  • Transformation - Transformação

  • Communication - Comunicação

  • Information - Informação

  • Destination - Destinação

  • Imagination - Imaginação

  • Education - Educação

  • Medication - Medicação

  • Nation - Nação

  • Etc.


English words ending in -ity —> change it to -dade

  • City - Cidade

  • Simplicity - Simplicidade

  • Naturality - Naturalidade

  • Capacity - Capacidade

  • Anxiety - Ansiedade

  • Identity - Identidade

  • Etc.


English words ending in -lly or -ly —> change it to -mente

  • Naturally - Naturalmente

  • Genetically - Geneticamente

  • Recently - Recentemente

  • Intensely - Intensamente

  • Apparently - Aparentemente

  • Etc.


English words ending in -ence or -ency —> change it to -ência

  • Essence - Essência

  • Frequence - Frequência

  • Conscience - Consciência

  • Urgence - Urgência

  • Science - Ciência

  • Etc.


English words ending in -al —> it stays the same!

  • Fatal - Fatal

  • Total - Total

  • General - General

  • Sensual

  • Casual

  • Formal

  • Final

  • Etc.


Easy, right?

Here are some simple exercises you can do at home, to practise what you have just learnt.

EXERCISE 1

Please translate the following to Portuguese:

  1. This population has apparently a lot of education.

  2. The medication is fatal.

  3. The essence of life is, naturally, the simplicity of the little things.

  4. Your conscience is genetically controlled.

  5. Science has recently changed. 

  6. Finally! This was not just from our imagination!


I hope this lesson was useful!

Please subscribe to my newsletter and feel free to drop in any comments or questions regarding the exercises!

I will be posting again next week - stay tuned!

Obrigada e até à próxima!

Joana